02.04 Colorectal Cancer in Brazil: the Disparities within a Country

S. Bueno Motter1, J. Iaroseski1, G. Rangel Brandão1 1University of Health Sciences of Porto Alegre,Porto Alegre, RIO GRANDE DO SUL, Brazil

Introduction:  The global burden of colorectal cancer (CRC) is an issue that needs attention, especially in low- and middle-income countries. In Brazil, in 2018, in male population, among all new cases of cancer, CRC was the third most common. In the female population, CRC was the second most common. As there are disparities of health care among high-, low-, and middle-income countries, also there are disparities within the countries. Therefore, this study aims to verify, among the five geographic regions of Brazil, the disparities of estimation of new cases of CRC for 2020 and the surgical treatments for this tumor performed in 2019 by Unique Health System (SUS).

Methods: We analyzed the estimation data of new cases of CRC for 2020 from the National Cancer Institute (INCA)  and the data of surgical treatments for this tumor performed by Unique Health System (SUS) in 2019. We compared the data of North, Northeast, South, and Central-West Regions to the data of the Southeast Region, which is the most developed region in Brazil, to verify among these regions the possible differences of estimation of new cases of CRC and surgical treatments. To base this analysis we used the estimation of Brazilian population for 2019 from Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE).

Results: With a population of 88 million inhabitants and a Human Development Index (HDI) of 0,753, Southeast Region has an estimation of 24.260 new cases of CRC for 2020 (INCA). For North Region, this estimation is 1100 new cases (18 million inh.; HDI 0,690), Northeast is 5760 (57 million inh.; HDI 0,658), South is 7370 (29 million inh.; HDI 0,756) and Central-West is 2520 (16 million inh.; HDI 0,753). If the estimation of new cases were proportionally the same as the Southeast, which is the region of greatest socio-economic relevance in Brazil, the North region would have an estimation of 5060 new cases, 360% more than the present estimation. In the Northeast region there would be 15667 new cases, 172% more than the current estimation. For surgical treatments performed by SUS, if the North Region had the same rate as the Southeast Region, there would be an increase of 418% in surgical treatments, in Northeast the increase would be 132%, and in Central-West there would be an increase of 62%. The only region that proportionally performed more surgeries than Southeast was South Region.

Conclusion: There is a significant disparity among regions of Brazil concerning estimation of new cases of CRC and surgical treatments. If all Brazilian population had the same treatment and diagnostic screening rates as Brazilian Southeast population has, more inhabitants would have access to health care and the burden of cancer could be reduced.